Project name: Rijeka Gateway Project II, Economic and Justifiability Study: Efficient port system for reception of ship-generated waste and cargo residues on the area of the Port of Rijeka Authority
Client: Port of Rijeka Authority
Period: 06/2014 – 01/2015
The project was based on requirements of the sea protection from ships that is accentuated as activity of utmost importance in several strategic documents. These are MARPOL Convention and European Directive 2000/59/EC on port facilities for reception of waste and cargo residues generated by ships whose provisions are implemented with Act on Changes and Supplements of Navigational Code (Official Gazette 56/13) in legal system of Republic of Croatia. The Study analysed the obligation of port authorities and special port concessionaires to adequately equip ports and insure system of reception and waste management from ships, in accordance with international and European standards as well as the ship captain’s obligation to hand over the waste. The payment system was also analysed in a way that stimulates the handover and ecologically acceptable waste and residue cargo management. It has been recognized that a direct fee system provides a disincentive for ships to deliver wastes: costs for waste can be avoided if a ship does not deliver waste. While environmental consciousness is increasing in the shipping industry, illegal discharges at sea are still quite common. To reduce these discharges by following the EU-directive 2000/59/EC on ship generated wastes the study deals amongst others with the following:
- mandatory delivery of waste;
- preparation of port waste management plans;
- notification system;
- indirect cost recovery (ships should contribute to the costs of waste collection and treatment, whether they discharge waste in a port or not).
Two different technical options were analysed through which Port of Rijeka Authority would comply with the Directive 2000/59/EC, i.e. to provide the following services: gathering oiled waters (MARPOL Annex 1); gathering sewage waters (MARPOL Annex IV); gathering solid waste (MARPOL Annex V); interventions with smaller sudden pollutions and help with larger pollutions; and fire-fighting interventions.
As an integral part of the study an economic justifiability study was produced for Port of Rijeka Authority investment proposing ways of returning funds for both options. While developing the study, all relevant facts which could influence the estimate of project investment were considered.
- State Identification and assessment of provisions of Marpol Convection and Directive 2000/59/EC;
- Analysis of the relevant legal and policy framework;
- Introduction of methodology;
- Port of Rijeka development;
- Requirements for port reception facility;
- Types and modes of ship waste collection and Ship waste delivery notification;
- Option description and analysis;
- Financial and economic analysis;
- Risk assessment.